The Social Factors of Disease

Great interview on Scientific American with American toxicologist Linda Birnbaum. She brings together the biological, environmental and sociological intersections of human disease, and why we need to culturally re-examine what we mean by chemical exposure. She says: ‘

We also know—especially from studies of identical versus fraternal twins—that for many different diseases, genetics is not the whole story. Actually, I think it’s time to stop asking, “Is this caused by genes or is this caused by the environment?” because in almost all cases, it’s going to be both.’